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English word formation rules

Jacques Saunière, renowned curator, staggered through the museum's Grand Gallery's vaulted archway. He lunged for the nearest painting, a Caravaggio, he see could. Grabbing the gilded frame, heaved the seventy-six-year-old man the masterpiece towards himself until it from the wall tore, and Saunière in a heap beneath the canvass backward collapsed. As he anticipated had, an iron gate thundering nearby fell, barricading the suite-entrance. The parquet floor shook. Far off, began an alarm to ring. The curator a moment lay, breath-gasping, stock-taking. Still am I alive. He out-crawled from under the canvass and the cavernous space for someplace to hide scanned. Spoke a voice chillingly close. "Not move." On his hands froze the curator and knees, slowly turning his head. Only fifteen feet away his attacker's mountainous silhouette through the iron bars, outside the sealed gate, stared. He was broad and tall, with ghost-pale skin and white hair thinning. His irises were pink with dark-red pupils. The albino drew a pistol from his coat and the barrel through the bars, directly at the curator, aimed. "You not should have run." His accent not was easy to place. "Now tell me where it is.". These are just the points that occurred to me while working on the example above. I didn't systematically work my way through Mitchell, or even CHEL (although I did quickly glance at the latter). Additions or correction are welcome. For example, "Then Janice left home" becomes "Then left Janice home." (NB: In a more restricted way, this still happens in PDE, cf. "Down came the rain and washed the spider out."). Be warned that to apply them you will need a decent grasp of basic syntactic terminology. Verbs followed by 'ing' or by 'to + infinitive' 2. 1. In main clauses, the finite verb usually goes in second position. In other words, when the sentence opens with a subject, use the PDE order of subject-verb (SV). But when the sentence starts with an adverb, prepositional phrase, etc., the verb appears after that initial constituent, and the subject comes next. Turn adjective phrases with PP modification into compounds:. 6. Put other one-word adverbial modifiers immediately in front of the word they modify: "Joanna brought her toys upstairs" becomes "Joanna upstairs brought her toys.". Put particles from so-called "phrasal verbs" in front of the verb and attach them with a hyphen: "She looked up the number" becomes "She up-looked the number.". Writing Improve your writing skills by reading model emails, CVs, text messages, reports and more. Find out more. Ruminations on grammar, linguistics, standardized tests, and anything else that strikes my fancy. And speaking of attempts at alliterative verse in Modern English, one of my own favorite is John Myers Myers' retelling of the Battle of the Alamo in Silverlock:. Some man that wayfaring was stood by housedoor at night's oncoming. Of Israel's folk was that man that on earth wandering far had fared. Stark ruth of man his errand that him lone led till that house. 3. Unless you already have VS word order as the result of rule 1 above, move direct or indirect objects consisting of just a pronoun before the verb. Your secret superhero identity is safe with me, Dr. Virago. Take our free online English test and start learning now!. Do these exercises and learn the names of more jobs. Have you ever done any of these jobs? Home " Blogs " Karl Hagen's blog " But what if one really authentic word-order used?. 12. Shift heavy elements such as complex phrases towards the right edge of their clause. This principle plays a role in several of the rules above and can override some of the others, especially verb-final clauses. In particular, clauses, infinitive phrases, and the like should not appear in subject position. 1a. A coordinated main clause (one introduced with "and") uses the above order (V second) if it starts with an adverbial, otherwise it is verb-final, as in rule 2 below. And there was a vat of silver that was moved by craft to open in the which lay strange fishes withouten heads though misbelieving men nie that this be possible thing without they see it natheless they are so. And these fishes lie in an oily water brought there from Portugal land because of the fatness that therein is like to the juices of the olivepress. Of that house A. Horne is lord. Seventy beds keeps he there teeming mothers are wont that they lie for to thole and bring forth bairns hale so God's angel to Mary quoth. Watchers tway there walk, white sisters in ward sleepless. Smarts they still, sickness soothing: in twelve moons thrice an hundred. Truest bedthanes they twain are, for Horne holding wariest ward.